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Journal of Dental Research Centennial September 2019: Periodontal Medicine: 100 Years of Progress

Alexandria, VA, USA – 2019 marks the Centennial of the Journal of Dental Research (JDR). Over the last century the JDR has been dedicated to the dissemination of new knowledge and information on all sciences relevant to dentistry and to the oral cavity and associated structures in health and disease.

To celebrate, the JDR is featuring a yearlong, monthly commemorative article and podcast series that highlights topics that have transformed dental, oral and craniofacial research over the past 100 years.

Periodontitis has been linked to over 50 systemic diseases and conditions. The September 2019 JDR Centennial article, “Periodontal Medicine: 100 Years of Progress” by James Beck, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA, Panos Papapanou, Columbia University College of Dental Medicine, New York, N.Y., USA, Kamaira Philips, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA and Steven Offenbacher*, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA, discusses periodontal medicine research done over the last 100 years with focus on the effects of periodontal disease on three pathological conditions: cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

“We selected twenty-nine total studies that were either the ‘first’ of their kind, as they provided novel observations or contributed to shifting paradigms, as well as important studies that made strong contributions to progress in understanding relationships to the systemic conditions,” said Beck. “These studies were organized in an overview timeline and broken down into timelines by topic: cardiovascular disease, diabetes and adverse pregnancy outcomes.”

“Overall, the majority of cross-sectional, case-control and longitudinal studies have revealed positive associations between poor periodontal status and cardiovascular disease, poor metabolic control in diabetes, and a number of adverse pregnancy outcomes,” said Papapanou. “While research in the area of periodontal medicine has blossomed during the last 100 years, randomized controlled trials examining the effects of periodontal therapy on these conditions are comparatively few and have generated inconsistent results.”

The tenth JDR Centennial podcast, titled article “Periodontal Medicine: 100 Years of Progress” features a conversation between Beck, Papapanou and JDR Editor-in-Chief William Giannobile, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.

Throughout 2019 JDR Associate Editor, Nicholas Jakubovics, Newcastle University, England, shares ‘Historical Highlights’ and archival excerpts from the rich history of research findings published in the JDR. In the September issue of the JDR, Jakubovics and JDR Associate Editor Joy Richman, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, highlight two articles on the topic of dental anxiety: “Children’s Response to Sequential Dental Visits” (Venham, L., Begston, D., Cipes, M. 1977. Children’s response to sequential dental visits. J Dent Res. 56(5):454–459) and “Development of a Dental Anxiety Scale” (Corah, N.L. 1969. Development of a Dental Anxiety Scale. J Dent Res. 48: 596). These papers described new tools for the measurement of dental fear in children and adults, respectively. Venham et al.’s approach employed a picture-based questionnaire that was used in conjunction with clinician assessment and physiological measurements. Corah’s scale was a simple four-question assessment that had been validated in an earlier study “Controlled Study of Psychologic Stress in a Dental Procedure” (Corah, N. L., Pantera, R.E. 1968. Controlled Study of Psychologic Stress in a Dental Procedure. J Dent Res. 47: 154-157). These groundbreaking methods for measuring dental anxiety have underpinned a large body of subsequent psychological research, and elements of each approach are still in use today. 

Along with the article and podcast series, the legacy of the JDR was honored during a celebration at the 97th General Session of the IADR, held in conjunction with the 48th Annual Meeting of the AADR and the 43rdAnnual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada on June 19-22, 2019. For more information on the JDR Centennial, please visit: www.iadr.org/JDRcentennial. View a PDF of the press release.

*In memory of Steven Offenbacher who made seminal contributions to periodontology and periodontal medicine as well as early contributions to this manuscript. The authors dedicated the article to the memory of Steven Offenbacher, who made significant early contributions to the article, but sadly passed prior to its completion.

About the Journal of Dental Research
The IADR/AADR Journal of Dental Research (JDR) is a multidisciplinary journal dedicated to the dissemination of new knowledge in all sciences relevant to dentistry and the oral cavity and associated structures in health and disease. The JDR continues to rank #1 of 90 journals in Eigenfactor with a score of 0.021290, ranks #2 in Impact Factor of 90 journals in the “Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine” category at 5.125 and ranks #2 of 90 in Article Influence with a score of 1.643.The JDR’s 5-year Impact Factor has remained above 5 for the fourth year at 5.722, ranking #2 of 91 journals. With over 20,000 citations, the JDR also boasts the most citations in the “Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine” category — 4,500 citations above the second ranked journal in the field.

International Association for Dental Research

The International Association for Dental Research (IADR) is a nonprofit organization with over 11,400 individual members worldwide, with a Mission to drive dental, oral and craniofacial research to advance health and well-being worldwide. To learn more, visit www.iadr.org. The American Association for Dental Research (AADR) is the largest Division of IADR with 3,300 members in the United States. To learn more, visit www.iadr.org/aadr.

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