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Study Analyzes Female Authorship in Dental Research as a Measure of Leadership Diversity

Alexandria, VA, USA – A bibliometric study analyzing female representation among authors of the 100-most-cited papers in dentistry as a measure of leadership diversity in 60 years of dental research will be presented at the 101st General Session of the IADR, which will be held in conjunction with the 9th Meeting of the Latin American Region and the 12th World Congress on Preventive Dentistry on June 21-24, 2023, in Bogotá, Colombia.

The Interactive Talk presentation, “Women's Leadership In 60 Years of Dental Research,” will take place on Thursday, June 22, 2023, at 2:30 p.m. Colombia Time (UTC-05:00) during the “Attitude and Evidence” session.

The study by Luisa Gatti-Reis of Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, selected the 100 most-cited papers in Dentistry from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoS-CC) in July 2021. Data extraction was from the Scopus database and included author affiliation, study design/subject, and publication year. The authors’ gender assignment was carried out using WoS-CC, Scopus, ResearchGate, social media, and software that assigns gender according to first names (GenderAPI). The leadership roles of female authors were retrieved using the criteria: lead (first) and senior (last) authors, publication history, and H-factor. Data analysis included descriptive statistics.

The 100-most-cited papers were published across 6 decades, written by 394 researchers, 326 (82.7%) men, and 68 (17.3%) women. Among the lead authors, there were 11.3 males for each female. Among the female senior authors, there were 7 males for each female. Of the papers whose lead authors were from North America, 7 (13.0%) were female; of the 8 papers with Asian lead authors, 1 was female. In Latin America, Europe, and Oceania there was no female lead author of any of the papers. In papers from Latin America, Asia, and Oceania there was no female senior author. Women’s contribution increased during the 20th century, reaching its peak in 2000-2009 (n=27). For female lead or senior authors, the time between their first and last papers ranged from 4 to 42 years (mean 27.1±11.9, lead authors) and 1 to 39 years (mean 25.8±13.6, senior authors). H-factor among female lead or senior authors ranged from 1 to 73 (mean 23.6±22.7). The study concludes that there was a lack of leadership diversity in the gender of authors of the 100-most-cited papers with an underrepresentation of women, highlighting pervasive gender inequalities in dental research.

About IADR
The International Association for Dental Research (IADR) is a nonprofit organization with a mission to drive dental, oral, and craniofacial research for health and well-being worldwide. IADR represents the individual scientists, clinician-scientists, dental professionals, and students based in academic, government, non-profit and private-sector institutions who share our mission. Learn more a t